Alexander the Great

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Alexander the great was born in August, 356 BC. He is known as one of the most influential people in history, because of the fact that he united much of the middle east under Greek culture. Alexanders father was King Philip II, who was king of Macedon until he was assassinated by one of his generals during a party. Philip died when Alexander was around 20. After Olympias, Alexanders mother, gave birth to him, Philip lost interest in her. Alexanders relationship to Philip was closer that that to his mother. When Alexander was old enough to command (ie. around 14 years of age), Philip made him a general when Philip went to conquer some of Greece. Alexander's feelings towards his mother weren't that positive, as his mother wanted Alexander all to herself, she was jealous of everybody else who was close to him.

Alexander's behavior towards conquered people

Alexander the Great allowed the people of countries he conquered to keep their social status. For instance, when he conquered Babylon, he restored the lives of the people there to what they were before Darius's reign. While Darius was king of Persia, he looted their treasuries and made them convert their life style. When Alexander came, they hailed him as a king once he gave them back their old lifestyle. If his enemies fought bravely, he would let them keep their status, sometimes even promoting them into high places within his armies. Alexander had respect for enemies who were brave in battle.

Alexander's behavior during battle

Alexander was extremely courageous in battle. He always led from the front. Once, while laying a siege to a city, he propped a ladder against the walls and scrambled up. His generals went up after him. His troops, seeing how their commander just went, all scrambled up after him. Unluckily, the combined weight of all the men was a bit too much for the ladder and it broke! So Alexander was stuck up on the walls with just his four generals. Alexander got an arrow in the chest, which punctured his lung, yet he kept fighting. Alexander lost one of his men, yet he kept fighting. Finally, the defenders, seeing how he fought, surrendered just as the rest of the troops broke through the walls with a ram. The occupants hail him as a king as he rode through the city in a golden chariot.

Alexander's behavior towards his friends.

Alexander was faithful to if friends, if they were faithful to him. He gave them parts of his empire to manage when he wasn't there. His best friend, Hephaestion, was made Governor of Greece and Macedon while Alexander was away conquering places in the middle east. If Alex hadn't done this, there would have been no way in which he could manage his empire. There was one occasion, after a party and heavy drinking, he had an argument with one of his friends, and he took a spear and killed him. Later on, when he was sober, he realized what he had done, and the grief that followed was so intense it almost killed him. Alexander showed an extreme devotion to his friends.

Alexander's early teachings by Aristotle

When Alexander was a child he was tutored extensively by Aristotle, a famous philosopher of his time. During Alexander's times, you were expected to be the best you could. For this reason, Alexander had an extremely big ego by our standards, yet in those days Alexander was considered Modest! Alexander didn't take loosing too well, so this inspired him to always do the best he could to win a battle. And to win a battle, he had to keep his troops morale high. One example of this, is when Alexander was marching through India. He had just discovered that his troops morale was hovering somewhere near zero because they were there in the middle of the monsoon season. So he stopped and made camp. After two days of fuming, he stormed out of his tent, yelled Fine! We're coming back next year! and stormed back in.

After Alexander died in 323 BC, there was a civil unrest, and his generals fought over who should take. Ptolemy, one of the generals left the fight, decided to take off to Egypt and started the Ptolemic line of rulers there (of which Cleopatra was a descendent). After much ado, it was decided that only those who shared blood with Alexander were fit to rule his vast empire. But even that didn't work and the empire fell into fragments of its former glory.